In ecumenical understanding, a covenant is a step along the way towards the goal of full communion or full visible unity. Recognizing that the communion between the churches is real though incomplete, a covenant is a commitment to give life to the degrees of communion that already exist. Working within the current polity of each church, the covenanting partners agree to build a common life together to whatever extent possible. Among Anglicans and Roman Catholics there is considerable opportunity to give expression to our common faith through common mission and witness.

The following are examples of covenants between Anglican and Roman Catholic communities: